What is GATE and its importance?



What is GATE and its importance?

Category : GATE / by

What is GATE? 

  • GATE stands for Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering, an all-India examination of engineers.
  • It is administered and conducted in eight zones across the country by the GATE committee comprising of faculty members from IISc, Bangalore and seven IITs on behalf of the National Coordinating Board, Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development.
  • GATE is the gateway for the admissions to postgraduate programmes like M.E., M.Tech, M.S., PhD in the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and other top notch engineering colleges of India. Students who pursue these courses after getting admission through GATE also avail the financial scholarship given by MHRD, India.
  • Not only this, many Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) in India directly recruit through GATE for various elite jobs with attractive remuneration.
  • A candidate has an option to appear in any one subject out of the 23 subjects (tabulated below) in GATE examination. However, candidates are expected to appear in a paper appropriate to the discipline of their qualifying degree.


Aerospace Engineering (AE) | Agricultural Engineering (AG) | Architecture and Planning (AR) | Biotechnology (BT) | Civil Engineering (CE) | Chemical Engineering (CH) | Computer Science & Information Technology (CS) | Chemistry (CY) | Electronics and Communications Engineering (EC) | Electrical Engineering (EE) | Engineering Sciences (XE) | Ecology and Evolution (EY) | Petroleum Engineering (PE) | Geology and Geophysics (GG) | Instrumentation Engineering (IN) | Life Sciences (XL) | Mathematics (MA) | Mechanical Engineering (ME) | Mining Engineering (MN) | Metallurgical Engineering (MT) | Physics (PH) | Production and Industrial Engineering (PI) | Textile Engineering & Fibre Science (TF)

Importance of GATE 

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is mainly conducted to test the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science.GATE is highly important for engineers because:

  • GATE is the entrance test for engineering students for getting admissions to various Post-Graduate and Doctoral programs in higher education institutes of India (IITs, IISc& other top notch engineering colleges) with financial assistance provided by MHRD, Government of India.
  • Higher salaries are offered for M.Tech/ M.E. candidates.
  • M.E. / M.Tech candidates get good salary packages as faculty positions in private engineering colleges of India.
  • Pursuing Master’s Degree gives great learning and research opportunities.
  • Many Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) in India such as BHEL, Indian Oil Corporation, NTPC, NHPC, PSPCL etc. use GATE scores to recruit graduate engineers for elite engineering and administrative jobs with good salary packages.
  • Candidates who have good GATE scores can apply for faculty / research positions in educational institutes / R&D centres such as CSIR, CBRI, BARC, CSIO etc. They become eligible to get financial scholarships as Senior Research Fellowship (SRF) or Junior Research Fellowship (JRF). Working in good institutes increase the candidate’s exposure as they get to interact with renowned scientists all over the world.
  • GATE qualified candidates are preferred in many industries and foreign universities. Worldwide reputed universities like NUS and NTU Singapore admit directly through GATE scores in their post graduate programs.

GATE Exam Pattern 

Technical + Non Technical = 100 Marks.

Non Technical Subjects:

Engineering Mathematics – 15 Marks 

General Aptitude – 15 Marks 

Technical – 70 Marks 

Total Number of Questions:65 (MCQs + NAT) 

Note: 25 marks to 40 marks will allotted to Numeric Answer Type Questions. 

Negative Marking: 1/3rd for 1 Mark and 2/3rd for 2 Marks. No Negative Marking of NAT Questions.

Exam Date: Every Year Month of February’s First or Second Week and Result out within one month time period from exam date.

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